Duality or Nonduality, That is the Question


Duality/Dvaita is the I and Thou, a belief of separation between oneself and God (and others.)

Nonduality/Advaita is the Oneness of God/All divine energies and the manifest universe.

There is an interesting story told about this difference of beliefs. In India, sages like disputation with each other. Dattatreya*, an Avadhut and author of the Avadhuta Gita and the first guru to manifest in a body, was strolling through a town, when he came across such a disputation between those advocating Dvaita and those advocating Advaita. He listened to them for awhile, and then he told them, “If you are arguing about these differences, you still have a long way to go” [to enlightenment.]

Duality can be helpful in keeping our ego under control by recognizing that we are not omniscient, also having a place in one’s mind to direct our efforts and prayers.

Nonduality helps us to see the Creator and all Creation as one energy field. Thus, there is understanding that we are part of God and God vibrations are what we are made from. Reminds one of Genesis in the Bible saying that we are made in the image of God.

Nonduality in the heart is the understanding that there is no real separation between ourselves and others. We are all a part of the Divine Whole, and issues of culture and race and personality are seen in that context. Thus, the advanced person lives in Divine Love with all other creatures.


Rev. Satyabhama


* You will find a whole chapter about Dattatreya and Guru in Ancient Power of Mantra and Ceremony, 3rd Ed., Volume I, Chapter 12.


Sadguru Dattatreya as the Male Trinity


About Satyabhama Ashley-Farrand

Satyabhama met Satguru Sant Keshavadas in December 1980 at his Temple of Cosmic Religion in Washington, DC. She also met Thomas Ashley-Farrand/Namadeva Acharya (1940-2010) the same evening, and a year and a week later they were married by Satgurus Sant Keshavadas and Rama Mata. Satyabhama studied with Sant Keshavadas and Rama Mata and with Namadeva for the next 3 decades. She became a Vedic priest in her own right in the mid-1980s and worked with Namadeva Acharya in performing and teaching ancient mantra techniques and spiritual practices. In 2008 and 2009, like Namadeva Acharya, she received guru diksha to be a guru from Satguru Rama Mata, Sadguru Sant Keshavadas' widow, to whom he passed the lineage in 1997. When Namadeva Acharya discovered that his death was imminent, he told Satyabhama that he wanted her to continue their mission of teaching the dharma, and he gave her a powerful initiation to enable her to teach his workshops with his spiritual energy. Since then, she has continued to travel and teach and also to manage the Gayatri Temple in Beaverton, Oregon, with the encouragement of Satguru Rama Mata and her family. Satyabhama has a B.A. from New York University and a Law Degree from Southwestern School of Law. Dedicated to serving God through humanity, she is a certified mediator and maintained a private law practice from 1981-2007. Prior to her law practice, Satyabhama worked to further the status of women through her involvement with the National Organization for Women and the National Women's Political Caucus. In 2004, Satyabhama assumed management of Saraswati Publications, LLC and Sanatana Dharma Satsang, Inc., a 501(c)3 religious organization. She is committed to making the world a better place in which Divine Law becomes the law of life.

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